B

Acronym List

 

Acronym Full name Comments
B Byte
b bit
bit binary digit
B scale Synoptic scale ranging from 100 to 1,000 km
BAA Buy American Act
BAC Biosphere-Atmosphere Chemistry
BAC Budgeted Cost at Completion
BAC Boeing Airplane Company
BACER Biological & Climatological Effects Research
BACH biosphere-atmosphere-chemistry
BAe British Aerospace
BAFO Best and Final Offer
BAG Boulder Aeronomy Group
BAHC Biospheric Aspects of the Hydrological Cycle IGBP
BAI Biosphere-Atmosphere Interactions Project
BAM Berkeley Abstract Machine
BAM Brooklyn Arts Museum
BAMEX Bow Echo and Mesoscale Convective Vortex (MCV) Experiment
BAMS Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Bandwidth   The amount of data that can be sent through a given communications circuit per second
BANSHEE Beam Accelerator for Novel Super High Energy Electron
BAO Boulder Atmospheric Observatory NOAA
BAPMon Baseline Air Pollution Monitoring Network WMO
BARC Bhabha Atomic Research Centre India
baroclinic   The variation with depth of motions associated with variation of density with depth.
barometer   An instrument for measuring atmospheric pressure.
BARRNet Bay Area Regional Research Network An informal consortium established in 1986
BART Biosphere Atmosphere Research and TRaining NSF/IGERT Program
BART Bay Area Rapid Transit
BASC Barrow Arctic Science Consortium  
BASC Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate NAS
base line   The reference line in a measurement by triangulation.
baseline check   Calibration or quality assurance of radiosonde sensors before flight by comparison of radiosonde measurements wtih those from other instruments.
baseline monitoring   The establishment and operation of a designed surveillance system for continuous or periodic measurements and recording of existing and changing conditions that will be compared with future observations.
BASIC beginner's all-purpose symbolic instruction code A programming language
BASIS Battelle Automated Search Information System
BATCH McIDAS routine that runs sequences of McIDAS commands from a script
BATGE Biosphere-Atmosphere Trace Gas Exchange in the Tropics
BATS biosphere-atmosphere transfer scheme ATD, NCAR
baud Literally the number of times per second a signal can change on a transmission line therefore, generally equals the number of bits per second that can be transferred over a line
BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
BBRR Brookhaven Beam Research Reactor
BBS Bulletin Board System
BBSO Big Bear Solar Observatory
BCAPS Biological Component of the Air Pollution Studies
BCCB Baseline Change Control Board
BCD binary-coded decimal
BCD barcode decal
BCL Battelle Columbus Laboratory
BCS Boeing Computer Services
BCS Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer
BCWP Budgeted Cost for Work Performed
BCWS Budgeted Cost for Work Scheduled
BD blowdown
BDL Boundary Layer
BDN Bacteria-derived nuclei
BDSP Basic Data Set Project GARP
BDU Bus Data Unit
BE best estimate
BEJ best expert judgment
BEMC Boulder Emergency Management Center
BEP balloon electronics package GARP
BER bit error rate
BER Biological and Environmental Research
BEST Black Educational Science Trust
BEST Bilan d'energie du systeme tropical
BFPQ Block Floating Point Quantizer
BFS Business and Financial Services
BGCWG Biogeochemistry Working Group
BGE Block Gaussian Elimination
BGP4 Border Gateway Protocol Version 4
BGS Biogeosciences Initiative
bhp brake horsepower
BI The Brookings Institution
BIATEX part of EUROTRAC
BIBEX Biomass Burning Experiment
Bigit A binary digit
BINET bistatic Doppler radar receiver network
BioFlux Bioaerosol flux
BIOMASS Biological Investigations of Marine Antarctic Systems and Stocks
BIOME Biological Imaging and Observational Mission to Earth
BIORESP Bio Response
BIP balloon-borne (instrument) platform
BIORESP Bio Response
bit Binary digit (either 0 or 1) basic unit of information used in computer and information technologies (see also baud)
BIT built-in test
BITNET Because It's Time Network A low-cost, low-speed network started at City University of New York
BITS Biologically Important Trace Species
BL beta lambda
BLIP Boundary Layer Instrument Package
BLM Bureau of Land Management A Federal agency
BLP Boundary Layer Profiler
BLPS Boundary Layer Profiler System
BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics
BLSG Boundary Layer Sensing Group
BMDO Ballistic Missile Defense Organization
BMFT Bundesminsterium fur Forschung und Technologie Germany
BMI Battelle Memorial Institute
BMO Ballistic Missile Office
BMRC Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre Australia
BMRR Brookhaven Medical Research Reactor
BNFL British Nuclear Fuels Limited
BNI Bechtel National, Inc.
BNL Brookhaven National Laboratory
BNM Bandelier National Monument
BNSC British National Space Centre
BNW Battelle Northwest
BNWL Battelle Northwest Laboratory
BOD board of directors
BOD Beneficial Occupancy Date
BOF Birds of a Feather
BOM Bureau of Mines
BOMAP Barbados Oceanographic and Meteorological Analysis Program
BOMAP BOMEX Analysis Program
BOMEX Barbados Oceanographic and Meteorological Experiment
BOR burnout risk
BOREAS Boreal Ecosystem Atmosphere Study US and Canada, 1994
BOSS Badge Office Security Sytem
BP boundary profile
BP Budget and Planning Office
B&P Budget and Planning Office UCAR
BPA Bonneville Power Administration
BPA Blanket Purchase Award
bpi bits per inch
BPI Budget, Plans, and Information
bps bits per second
bps baud-per-second
BPSG Budget Planning and Systems Group
BRAN Boulder Research and Administrative Network
BRASS Basic Rapid Alarm Security System
BRAVE Boeing Robotic Air Vehicle
BRI Basic Rate Interface
BRITE Basic Research in Industrial Technologies Europe
BRL Ballistics Research Laboratory APG
BRMS Basin Rainfall Monitoring System
broadcast A special type of multicast packet that all nodes on the network are always willing to receive Also in the Unidata LDM context, refers to the satellite broadcast of FOS and McIDAS data by Alden
browser   A software tool for accessing Internet services such as the WWW, Gopher, and FTP
BRS Bibliographic Retrieval Service
BSAC Biotechnology Science Advisory Committee
BSD Berkeley Software Distribution UNIX
BSDI Berkeley Software Design,Inc.
BSD UNIX Berkeley Software Distribution UNIX a version of the UNIX computer operating system
BSI British Standards Institute
BSR Budget Surplus Report
BSR Bus Select Relay
BSRN Boulder Science Resource Network
BSRN Baseline Surface Radiation Network ISCCP
BSTS Boost Surveillance and Tracking System
BSU Beam Steering Unit
BTAG Biological Technical Assistance Group
BTU British thermal unit
BU bargaining unit
BUFR Binary Universal Form for the Representation of meteorological data A WMO standard for a binary code for the exchange and storage of data
bulletin   A sequence of consecutive bytes within a data stream that comprises a single unit that can be converted into a data product by supplying the necessary identifying information
BUREC Bureau of Reclamation DOI
BUS Business Operations
BUV backscatter ultraviolet Spectrometer
BV building ventilation
BWC Biological Weapons Convention
BWI Baltimore-Washington International Airport
BWIP Basalt Waste Isolation Project
BX base exchange
BXA Bureau of Export Administration DOC
byte Eight bits the combination of bits used to represent a particular number, letter, or special character