Acronym List


Acronym Full name Comments
G- IV Gulfstream IV
G&A General and Administrative
GA Billion years unit
GAARS Global Atmospheric Aerosol and Radiation Study NCAR, NOAA, University of Arizona, University of Washington, University of Wisconsin
GaAs gallium arsenide
GAC global atmospheric chemistry
GAC global area coverage
GADMAP GATE Aircraft Data Management Program
GAGE Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment
GAGE Gulf-Stream Atmospheric Gradient Exchange
GAIM Global Analysis, Interpretation and Modeling Ocean Carbon Model Intercomparison Project, IGBP
GAINS Global Air-ocean IN-situ System shear-directed balloon project at NOAA, FSL
gal galileo Equal to an acceleration of 0.01 meter per second squared
GALA Geoscience Airborne Laser Altimeter
GALE Genesis of Atlantic Lows Experiment
GAMETAG Global Atmospheric Measurements Experiment on Tropospheric Aerosols and Gases
GAMIT not an acronym A geodetic software package developed by MIT and SIO
GAMP Global Atmospheric Measurements Program ATD
GAP GATE Advisory Panel GARP
GARP Global Atmospheric Research Program NCAR, ATD
GARP GEMPAK Analysis and Rendering Program created at COMET as a GUI to GEMPAK
GAO General Accounting Office
GAP GATE Advisory Panel GARP
GAPEX Ground-based Atmospheric Profiling Experiment
GAPS billions (109) of actions per second
GARDIAN GBL Point Defense System
GARP Global Atmospheric Research Program
GAT General aviation transponder
GATE Global Atmospheric Research Programme Atlantic Tropical Experiment 1974
gateway   A special purpose, dedicated computer that attaches two or more networks and passes information traffic (packets) between them
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GAU general accounting unit UCAR
GAW Global Atmospheric Watch WMO
GB gigabyte
Gb Gigabits
GBDS GARP Basic Data Set
Gbps gigabity (109) per second
Gbyte gigabyte (109)
GC gas chromatograph
GCA Geophysics Corporation of America
GC-AED Gas Chromatography-Atomic Emission Detection
GCCDF Generic Control Center Development Facility
GCCM Global Carbone Cycle Modeling
GCDIS Global Change Data and Information System
GCEC Global Change and Ecological Complexity IGBP
GCI Global Change Institute
GCIP GEWEX Continental-Scale International Project
GCM general circulation model
GCM Global Change Model GARP
GCMG Global Climate Modeling Group NCAR
GCM General Circulation Model
GCMC Global Climate Modeling Group NCAR
GCMG Global Climate Modeling Group NCAR
GCOS Global Climate Observing System WMO
GCP Global Chemistry Program
GCP Global Change Program
GCP GEWEX Continental-Scale Project 1990
GCRP Global Change Research Program (use USGCRP) US Government Interagency program
GCSS GWEX Cloud Systems Studies
GCTE Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems IGBP
GCTE Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems IGBP
GCTM global chemical transport model
GDAS Global Data Assimilation System
GDC GARP Data Center
GDP GARP Data Processing
GDP Ground Data Processor
GDP gross domestic product
GDP Government Development Platforms
GDPS Global Data Processing System GARP
GDR geophysical data record
GDS Global Dynamics Section NCAR
GDS GeoMet Data Services, Inc. Formerly, a provider of lightning data
GED Global Ecosystem Dynamics
GEF Global Environmental Facility World Bank, UNDP, UNEP
GEIA Global Emissions Inventory Activity
GEISA Management and Study of Atmospheric Spectroscopic Information French
GEM Global Environmental Multiscale Model
GEM Geospace Environment Modeling program
GEMINI general mesonetwork interpolation interface
GEMPAK General Meteorological Package An analysis and display package developed for meteorological data developed by the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center and is now distributed and supported by UCAR, Unidata
GEMS Global Environment Monitoring System UNEP
GENESIS Global Environmental and Ecological Simulation of Interactive Systems
GENPRO General Processor a general data-processing package developed by NCAR; no longer in use or supported
GEO Geosciences Directorate NSF
GEO 2000 National Science Foundation's Geosciences Beyond 2000
geopotential   The potential energy of a unit mass relative to sea level, numerically equal to the work that would be done in lifting the unit mass from sea level to the height at which the mass is located.
geopotential height   The height of a given point in the atmosphere in units proportional to the potential energy of unit mass at this height relative to sea level.
GEOS Geostationary Earth-Orbiting Satellite
GEOSAT Geodesy Satellite USA
GEOSECS Geochemical Ocean Sections
Geosif Geoscientific Information Framework
GEU Gyro Electronics Unit
GEWEX Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment WCRP
GEWEX Continental-Scale Project 1990
GF gigaflops
GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory A component of NOAA at Princeton University in Princeton, New Jersey
GFE government furnished equipment see GFP
GFLOPS Gigaflops billions of floating-point operations (109) per second
GFP Government furnished Property
GFS Global Forecast System
GFY Government Fiscal Year
GGEM Gravity Gradiometer Explore Mission USA
GGNS Grand Gulf Nuclear Station
GGI GPS Geoscience Instrument
GGS Global Geospace Science Program
GGS Global Geospace Study
GHB Goddard Handbook
GHOST Global Horizontal Sounding Technique
GHRS Goddard high resolution spectograph
GHz Giga Hertz Kilomega cycles per second
GIF Graphics interchange format A graphics-compression and -storage standard developed and copyrighted by CompuServe Information Service and H&R Block Company
GIIS General Instrument Interface Specification
GIMMS Global Inventory and Monitoring and Modeling Study
GIMPAP GOES Product Assurance Plan
GINI GOES Ingest & NOAAPORT Interface required to produce multiple remapped sectors of multispectral earth imagery in real time and transmit them in accordance with AWIPS product standards
GIPS billions of instructions per second
GIS Geographic Information Systems standards are set for these systems by OpenGIS
GISMOS Global Incoherent Scatter Measurements of Substorms
GISP Greeland Ice Sheet Program
GISS Goddard Institute for Space Studies NASA, located at Columbia University
GISST Global Sea Ice and Sea Surface Temperature
GKS graphic kernal system a computer graphics standard
GLA Goddard Laboratory of the Atmospheres
GLAS Goddard Laboratory for Atmospheric Science NASA
GLERL Great Lakes Environmental Research Lab
GLGS GOES Local Groundstation System
GLIS Global Land Information System
GLOBE Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment
GLOBEC Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics
GLOCHEM Global Atmospheric Chemistry (or Chemical) Survey
GLONET Global Ozone Observing System
GLRS Geodynamics (or Geoscience) Laser Ranging System
GLS GOMR Limb Sounder
GLWQA Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement
GM General Motors
G-M Gent-McWilliams parameterization scheme
GMCC Geophysical Monitoring for Climatic Change NOAA
GMD geometric mean diameter
GMD-1   Weather radar that is never written out
GMP Ground Water Monitoring Plan
GMS Geostationary Meteorological Satellite GMS-4 was launched from a Japanese installation in 1989 and GMS-5 from the same facility in 1995. Monitoring weather conditions, they are one link in World Weather Watch sponsored by the WMO
GMSA global multivariate statistical analysis
GMT Greenwich mean time
GMU Gyro Mechanical Unit
GN ground network
GN and C guidance, navigation, and control
GNSS ground network scheduling system
GNU GNU's not UNIX (a recursive acronym) A UNIX-compatible software system that includes a variety of tools (such as compilers and a text editor) originally developed by Richard Stallman at MIT. While GNU software is free of cost, and programmers are free to alter and build on GNU programs, proprietary modifications to the software by others are not allowed
GOALS Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System
GOASEX Gulf of Alaska Experiment Comparison with Seasat Scatterometer Observations
GOCC GARP Operations Control Center
goco government owned, contractor operated ORNL, LASL, BNL,ANL,JPL
GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite NOAA weather satellite
GOESTAP   An analog data circuit with GOES images
GOEZS Global Ocean Euphotic Zone Study IGBP
GOFS Global Ocean Flux Study
GOM Global Observations and Modeling Project
GoMOOS Gulf of Main Ocean Observing System, Inc.
GOMOT Global Observations, Modeling and Optical Techniques Section
GOMR Global Ozone Monitoring Radiometer
GONG Global Oscillations Network Group
GOOS Global Ocean Observing System WMO
Gopher   Software developed by the University of Minnesota for easily providing and accessing public information on computers linked by a TCP/IP network. Superceded by the Web.
GOS Global Observing System WMO
GOS Geomagnetic Observing System
GOSIP Government Open Systems Interconnect Protocol OSI
GOST Goals Objectives Strategies Tactics
GOTS GALE Oceanographic Temperature Studies
GPC Global Processing Center
GPCP Global Precipitation Chemistry Project
GPIB General Purpose Interface Board
gpm geopotential meter
GPO Government Printing Office
GPP Gross Primary Productivity
GPRA Government Performance and Results Act
GPS Global Positioning System A series of satellites used for navigation
GPS Geophysical Processor System
GPS Grants Program Section NSF
GPS CORS Global Positioning System Continuously Operating Reference Stations
GPS-IPW Global Positioning System-Integrated Precipitable Water
GPS/MET GPS Meteorological Satellite
GPX A suffix which designates graphics capabilities on the DEC MicroVax system (typically seen as "DEC VAXstation/GPX.")
GRA graduate research assistant
GRACE Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment
GRAF Gridded Representation of Analyses and Forecasts
GRASP Graphic Animation System for Professionals A commercial software package for DOS computers that allows images to be captured from other applications or created using a built-in paint program. Copyright held by John Bridges.
GRD Geophysics Research Directorate AFCRL
GREM Geopotential Research Explorer Mission USA
GRGC Geologic Record of Global Change
GRI Gas Research Institute
GRIB Grid in Binary, or GRIdded Binary A bit-oriented format approved by the WMO that has compaction features for efficiently transmitting and storing large volumes of gridded data
GRID Global Resource Information Database UNEP
GRID graphical interactive display, a computing facility
GRIP Greenland Ice Project
GRM Geopotential Research Mission 1992
GRO Global and Remote Observations Section NCAR
GRP Geophysical Research program
GSA General Services Administration
GSD Geographical Situation Display
GSD geometric standard deviation
GSE Ground Support Equipment
GSF gross square feet
GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center NASA
GSN Global Seismic Network
GSOP ground systems operations
GSOS GPS Surface Observing System
GSP Geophysical Statistics Project
GST GPS Science and Technology program Now part of COSMIC
GSTS Ground Surveillance and Tracking System
GSWM Global Scale Wave Model
G/T activity per ton
GtC gigatons of carbon
GTCP Global Tropospheric Chemistry Program
GTCSM Global Tropospheric Chemistry Systems Model
GTE Global Tropospheric Experiment
GTE/TRACE Global Tropospheric Experiment/Transport and Atmospheric Chemistry near the Equator
GTF Ground Test Facility
GTMS Global Thermospheric Mapping Study
GTN Germantown DOE
GTOS Global Terrestrial Observing System WMO
GTP Geophysical Turbulence Program
GTS Global Telecommunication System WMO
G-TUF G-Tunnel Underground Facility
GUI graphical user interface pronouced gooey
GUISE Group for Unidata Interface Software Exploration Formerly, a working committee of volunteers to help design a uniform applications interface for the SDM
GVAR GOES Variable The format of the data stream from the GOES1-M satellite series
GVHRR Geosynchonous very high resolution radiometer GARP
GVHRR Geostationary VHRR ATS
GWC Global Weather Center AFGWC
GWE Global Weather Experiment GARP, new name for FGGE, spring 1977
GWEN Ground Wave Emergency Network
GWP global warming potential
GWPA Ground Water Protection Act
GWP global warming potential
GWS gateway service
GZ ground zero