S

Acronym List

 

Acronym Full name Comments
S&B Salary and Benefits
S&R Search and Rescue
S&T Science and Technology
S/N signal-to-noise ratio SNR is also used
S/TM stratospheric/tropospheric measurements
SABL Scanning Aerosol Backscatter Lidar NCAR, ATD
SAC Strategic Air Command
SAC Science Advisory Committee
SAC-C Argentina's Scientific Applications Satellite
SADCC South African Development Coordination Conference
SAFARI-2000 The Southern African Regional Science Initiative NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center
SAFARI Southern African Fire-Atmospheric Research Initiative
SAFE A Proposed Australian Savanna Fire Experiment
SAGE Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment A satellite experiment of NASA
SAI sudden auroral intensity
SAIC Science Applications International Corporation
SAM Subsynoptic Advection Model
SAM sun-angle magnetometer
SAM Stratospheric Aerosol Measurement a satellite instrument
SAM I Sensing with Active Microwaves
SAMS Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder
SAO Surface Airways Observation
SAO semiannual oscillation
SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar
SAR Subcommittee on Atmospheric Research NSF
SAR-C SAR-C Band
SARSAT Search and Rescue Satellite-Aided Tracking NOAA
SAR-X SAR-X Band
SAS small astronomy satellite NASA
SAS statistical analysis system
SAV state-of-the-atmosphere variable
SAVE Stratospheric Aerosol Validation Experiment
SAVE South Atlantic Ventilation Experiment U. Miami
SAWRS Supplementary Aviation Weather Reporting System
SBF Scientific Balloon Facility Palestine, Texas, also see NSBF
SBIR Small Business Innovative Research
SBUV Solar Backscatter Ultrav iolet spectrometer
SC subtropical stratocumulus
Scales of motion A scale (planetary) 2,000-10,000 km B scale (synoptic) 100-1,000 km C scale (mesoscale) 10-100 km D scale (convective) 1-10 km GARP
SCAMS Scanning microwave spectrometer Nimbus F
SCAR Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research ISCU subcommittee
SCAR Special Committee for Antarctic Research GARP
ScaRaB Scanner for Radiation Budget
SCATE Sulfur Chemistry in the Antarctic Troposphere Experiment
SCATT Scatterometer
scatter, same as scattering   The process by which matter is excited to radiate by an external source4 of electromagnetic radiation
SCCCAMP South Central Coast Cooperative Aerometric Monitoring Program
SCCM Single-column CCM
SCD Scientific Computing Division Now Computational and Information Systems Laboratory (CISL)
SCDUG Scientific Computing Division Users Group "scelming", a process of running older tapes through a computer to check on their condition
SCEP Study of Critical Environmental Problems Williamstown, 1970
SCF standard cubic feet
SCGB Special Committee for the Geosphere-Biosphere
SCM Stratospheric circulation model GARP
SCM small core memory
SCM solar constant monitor
SCMS Software Configuration Management Section
SCO subcarrier oscillators
SCOPE Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment ISCU committee
SCOR Scientific Committee for Oceanographic Research ICSU subcommittee
SCOSTEP Scientific Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Physics
SCPP Sierra Cooperative Pilot Project
SCR selective chopper radiometer Nimbus E, GARP
SCR silicon controlled rectifier
Scripps Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, P.O. Box 308, La Jolla, California 92037
SCS Soil Conservation Service USDC
SCSC Summer Computer Simulation Conferences
SCSI Small Computer System Interface
SCST State Committee on Science & Technology USSR
SCST State Committee on Science & Technology USSR
SD standard deviation
SDAM Satellite Data Access and Management format
SDBE Shear-Directed Balloon Experiment
SDD Systems Development Division FSL
SDF Shared Data Facility
SDHS Satellite Data Handling System
SDM Suit of software for UNIX-based computing platforms
SDM Scientific Data Management
SDS solar disk sextant
SDS Scientific Data Systems
SDSC San Diego Supercomputing Center
SDSD Satellite Data Services Division NOAA, NESDIS
SDSMT South Dakota School of Mines & Technology
SDVR Single-Doppler Velocity Retrieval
SEAB Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Warren Washington, April 1990
SEAC (National Bureau of) Standards Eastern Automatic Computer
SEASAT Sea Satellite NASA
SEAWIFS Sea Wide-Field Sensor
SEC Securities & Exchange Commission
SEC Science Executive Committee
SEDI Structure of the Earth's Deep Interior
SEE Solar EUV Experiment 1973
SEL Space Environment Laboratory NOAA
SEAD Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Warren Washington, 4/90
SEDI Structure of the Earth's Deep Interior
SEM Scanning Electron Microscope
SEM Space Environment Monitor
SEM system element management
SEQUAL Seasonal Equatorial Atlantic Study
SERE Societal-Environmental Research and Education Laboratory No longer exists
SERI Solar Energy Research Institute
SERON Southeastern Regional Oxidant Network Program UCAR
SERP Strategic Environmental Research Program
SERS STORM Education and Research System NOAA
SERON Southeastern Regional Oxidant Network Program UCAR
SERP Strategic Environmental Research Program
SESAME Second European Stratospheric Arctic and Mid-Latitude Experiment
SESAME Severe Environmental Storms and Mesoscale Experiment
SESQUINET   Texas-based regional network, named for their sesquicentennial celebration
SESS Space Environment Support System Air Force, ERL/NOAA, Navy, Universities
SETA satellite electrostatic triaxial accelerometer
SFC or sfc surface
SG semigeostrophic model
SG&A Sales, General and Administration
SGGE Second GARP Global Experiment
SGI Silicon Graphics Inc. the name of a high-resolution graphics workstation manufactured by Silicon Graphics)
SGML standard generalized markup language
SGS subgrid scale
SH Southern Hemisphere
SHEBA Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean
SHEF standard hydrometeorological exchange format
SHF super high frequency 3-30 GHz (Gigahertz)
SHIRE Southern Hemisphere Infrared Experiment
SI Solar Interiors Section HAO
SI systeme international for metrification
SIAM Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
SibIZMIR Siberian Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere, and Radio Propagation
SICIMS Selected Iron Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry (or Spectrometer, depending on usage)
SID sudden ionospheric disturbance
SIE Scale Interation Equipment
SIFE Second ISLSCP Field Experiment
SIGGRAPH Special Interest Group on Graphics of the Association of Computing Machinery
SIGMA Software for Interactive Graphics and Model Analysis
SIGMET significant meteorological information
SIM Solar interplanetary model HAO, SIM I, SIM II
SIO Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California at San Diego
SIPI Scientists' Institute for Public Information, Inc.
SIPRI Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
SIR Shuttle Imaging Radar
SIR Spaceborne Imaging Radar
SIRIS Stratospheric Infrared Interferometer Spectrometer
SIRS satellite infrared spectrometer
SIRS Social Issues Resources Services, Inc. a publishing company
SISEX Shuttle Imaging Spectrometer Experiment
SISP Surface Imaging & Sounding Package NASA, EOS
SJVAQS San Joaquin Valley Air Quality Study
SKE specific kinetic energy
skew T   An emagram with the isotherms rotated 45 degrees clockwise to produce greater separation of isotherms and dry adiabats.
SLA   SLA Translation Service, John Crerar Library, 86 Randolph Street Chicago, Illinois
SLAC Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (or Collider)
SLACE Surface Layer Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment
SLAP Shuttle Laser Altimeter Prototype experiment
SLAP space link access protocol
SLAPS St. Louis Air Pollution Study became FAPS
SLAR side-looking airborne radar
SLATEC Sandia-Los Alamos Air Force Weapons Laboratory Technical mathematical software developed by Sandia National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Lab, and the Air Force Weapons Laboratory Technical Exchange Committee
SLATT stratospheric latitudinal and temporal trends (exchange committee)
SLED Single Large Expensive Disk
SLIP Serial Line Internet Protocol
SLPA Sea-Level Pressure Anomaly
SLR Satellite Laser Ranging
SLP sea level pressure
SLT semi-Lagrangian transport
SLU Saint Louis University
SLW supercooled liquid water
SMA Segnalamento Marittimo ed Aereo
SMAGS SPAN/MASnet Gateway Server
SMART-Radar The Shared Mobile Atmospheric Research and Teaching Radar
SME Solar Mesosphere Explorer
SME Stratosphere-Mesosphere Explorer Satellite
SMETE National SMETE (Science, Math, Engineering and Technology Education) Digital Library
SMG Scientific and Management Group TEB, GARP, see ISMG
SMI Solar Magnetism Initiative
SMIC Study of Man's Impact on Climate Stockholm, 1971, sponsored by MIT, hosted by Royal Swedish Academy of Science
SMILE Surface Layer Mixed Experiment ATD uses Shelf Mixed Layer Experiment
Smithsonian Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics see Harvard/Smithsonian
SMM Solar Maximum Mission 1980s
SMMR Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer
SMOG   aerosol studies
SMOW standard mean ocean water
SMRP Satellite and Mesometeorology Research Project University of Chicago
SMS Synchronous Meteorological Satellite GARP
SMS Scalable Modeling System FSL
SMSC Shared-Memory Supercomputer systems
SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SND skewed normal distribution
snow   Precipitation composed of white or translucent ice crystals.
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
SNR signal-to-noise ratio S/N is also used
SOAP Simple Object Access Protocol
SOARS Significant Opportunities in Atmospheric Research and Science NCAR
SOCRATES Simulation of Chemistry, Radiation & Transport of Environmentally Important Species
SODAR Sonic backscatter technique for measuring wind profiles
SOFAR Sound, Far, and Ranging Long-range ranging technique using the sound channel and underwater floats
SOHO Solar and Heliosphysical Observatory
SOI solar oscillations imager
SOI/MDI Solar Oscillations Imager/Michelson Doppler imager
soil air   The air and other gases in spaces in the soil.
SOLAR-B   (Not an acronym Ð refers to satellite whose mission is to understand the physical processes responsible for dynamics and heating of the outer solar atmosphere, B is the 2nd generation)
soliton solitary wave has been in use since early 1960's
SOLRAD NASA satellite
SOLSTICE Solar/Stellar Irradiance Comparison Experiment NASA/UARS
SOLSTICE Solar/Stellar Intercomparison Experiment
SOLVE SAGE Ozone Loss Validation Experiment Kiruna, Sweden
SONIC SPAN Ocean Network Information Center
SOO Science and Operations Officer
SOO/SAC Science and Operations Officer/Scientific Applications Computer NWS
SOPAC Scripps Orbit and Permanent Array Center
SOR Successive Over Relaxation
SOS Southern Oxidant Study EPA,1988-1999
SOS Swiss Oxidant Study 1993
SPACE Satellite Precipitaion and Cloud Experiment Alabama
SPAN Space Physics Analysis Network NASA
SPANDAR Space Range Radar
SPAR Spaceborne Rawinsonde
SPARC Stratospheric Processes and Their Role in Climate
SPAWAR Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command
SPC small particle count (or counter)
SPC Sector Processing Center
SPC Storm Prediction Center
SPEC Scientific Programs Evaluation Committee UCAR
SPEC Strategic Planning and Evaluation Committee
SPECMAP Spectral Mapping of climate parameters
SPIE Society of Photo-optical Engineers
SPIE International Society for Optical Engineering
SPIRES Stanford Physics Information Retrieval System data base catalog management system
SPL SLATEC Plotting Library
SPO Sacramento Peak Observatory
S-POL S-band Dual Polarization Doppler Radar
SPOT Systeme pour l'Observation de la Terre (France) NCAR, ATD uses Systeme Probatoire d'Observation de la Terre
SPPS System Plot Package Simulator NCAR Graphics
SPRINT sorted position radar interpolator
SPTVAR Special Purpose Test Vehicle for Atmospheric Research
Sq Solar quiet
S&R Search and Rescue
SR scanning radiometer ITOS
sr steradian
SRC Science Research Council United Kingdom
SRES Special Report on Emissions Scenarios
SRON Space Research Organization of the Netherlands
SRRS Service Record Retention System
SSAI Science Systems Applications Incorporated Greenbelt, Maryland
SSB single sideband
SSB Soaring Society of Boulder
SSBLIM Snow Shading Boundary Layer Interaction Measurement
SSC Scientific Steering Committee
SSC Superconducting Super Collider
ssc's sudden storm commencements
SSCE Surface Ship Cloud Effects project
SSD solid-state disk
SSD Cray's Solid-state Storage Device on the CRAY X-MP/48 computer
SSEC Space Science and Engineering Center University of Wisconsin, Madison, designer of the McIDAS and Unidata PC-McIDAS software
SSI Strategic Simulation Initiative
SSL Space Sciences Laboratory University of California, Berkeley
SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave Imager
SSM/I Special Sensor for Microwave/Imaging
SSM/R Special Sensor Microwave Radiometer
SSM/T Special Sensor Microwave Temperature
SSS Safety and Site Services
SSS software segment specification
SSSF Surface Sounding Systems Facility NCAR, ATD
SST sea surface temperature
SSTs sea surface temperatures
SST scalable spectral tool component of the Scalable Modeling System
SST Supersonic Transport
SSTs sea surface temperatures
SSU Stratospheric Sounding Unit
STA System Technology Associates, Inc.
STAC Scientific and Technological Activities Commission AMS
STACS Subtropical Atlantic Climate Studies
STAMP Second Thunderstorm and Microburst Project
STARE Southern Tropical Atlantic Regional Experiment
STC Sensitivity Time Control radars
STC Society for Technical Communication
STD salinity, temperature, and depth standard oceanographic measurements
STEM Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics
STEM scanning-transmission electron microscope
STEP Stratosphere-Troposphere Exchange Project
STEP Solar Terrestrial Energy Program
STEPS Severe Thunderstorm Electrification and Precipitation Study
STERAO Stratosphere-Troposphere Experiments: Radiation, Aerosols, and Ozone
STF Short-Term Forecast
STI Scientific & Technical Information see DDC
STIP Study of Traveling Interplanetary Phenomena
STIWG Satellite Telemtry Interagency Working Group
STJ subtropical jet
STK StorageTek
STL Space Technology Laboratory, Inc. Los Angeles, CA
STOL short takeoff and landing
STORM Stormscale Operational and Research Meteorology name change 3/92 to United States Weather Research Program
STORM DAWG STORM Data Assimilation Working Group
STORM-FEST STORM Fronts Experiment Systems Test
STP solar terrestrial physics
STP standard temperature and pressure
STRADAP storm radar data processor
STRATCOM Stratospheric Composition Experiment Sandia Lab and WSMR's Atmospheric Science Lab
STRATEX Stratocumulus Experiment
STRATRAD Strategic Management of Research and Development
STSP Solar Terrestrial Science Programme
STREX Storm Transfer and Response Experiment QMR, 9/79
STS Seasonal Transition Simulation GARP
STS Space Transportation System
STSP Solar Terrestrial Science Programme
STT Small Tactical Terminal U.S. Air Force
SUB-MM Submillimeter Spectrometer
SUDOOS Sun/UNIX DICOMED Online Operating System
SUDS System for User Editing and Display of Soundings
SunRISE Radiative Input from the Sun to the Earth Program
SUNY The State University of New York Stony Brook
SUNYA State University of New York, Albany
SUPERNET Colorado-based state network named for the intent to be a super network
SURANET Southeastern Universities Research Association Network
surrogate   to put in place of another
SUSIM Solar Ultraviolet Spectral Irradiance Monitor NASA/UARS
SVAT surface vegetation- atmosphere transfer
SVG Scientific Visualization Group
SVHS super video-home system
SVP Surface Velocity Program
SVT simulated variable thickness
SW/HW Software/Hardware
SWAP Severe Weather Avoidance Program
SWARS Supplementary Aviation Weather Reporting Station
SWCP South West Cooperative Program
SWE Snow-Water Equivalent
SWEAT Severe Weather Threat
SWIRLS Stratospheric Wind Infrared Limb Sounder
SWIS Satellite Weather Information Systems NOAA
SWS Solar Weather Seminar NCAR, HAO
SYDNEY 2000 Olympics in Sydney, Australia in the year 2000
SYNOPS Synoptic Ocean Prediction Study
SZOLD skewed zeroth order logaorithmic distribution function