Open access (OA) is an initiative that began ten years ago when The Budapest Open Access Initiative was launched as a global campaign to “accelerate research, enrich education, share the learning of the rich with the poor and the poor with the rich, make the literature as useful as it can be, and lay the foundation for uniting humanity in a common intellectual conversation and quest for knowledge”. Simply stated, Open Access is unrestricted access to scholarly research. This overview provides an introduction, definition, history and guidance on OA journals. In addition, Open Access Explained presents an animated explanation of OA publishing.
Since the advent of OA, the scholarly publishing industry has experienced substantial transformation and growth. The success and expansion of the OA movement is the result of free, global accessibility provided by the Internet and the increasing costs of journal publications. According to the Association of Research Libraries (ARL), the average cost of a serial subscription for ARL member libraries increased by 321% from 1989 to 2006, while inflation has increased 68%. The exponential growth in scientific research and data, fueled by the Internet, has created an environment of tension between access and traditional publishing models. Currently, there are over 6,000 OA journal publications, and it is anticipated that production level will continue to rise.
There are two options available for researchers to publish their research via OA. The green/gold classification is only about "delivery vehicles"; and does not address/impact user rights or degrees of openess.
OpenSky, the institutional repository, administered by the NCAR Library, preserves and makes freely accessible the scholarly record of UCAR, NCAR, and UCP, in support of the broad mission of UCAR to foster science, support its community, and facilitate the transfer of knowledge. The Library provides support for:
Benefits of submitting research scholarship to OpenSky:
As an author you have many options and rights with regard to copyright. If you have questions or concerns about copyright transfer please contact OpenSky before proceeding with your publication agreement.
Determining the impact of scientific research has become an important metric in accessing, tracking and evaluating research activity. Open access has contributed to increased discoverability and visibility for others to cite. There are many aspects of an impact factor:
The Library subscribes to the Web of Science research tool which provides access to peer reviewed journals (including some open access journals). It also provides the h-index for individual authors. When evaluating impact factors, there are many considerations which need to be included to ensure the final value is correctly represented and understood. Here are a few recommmendations to incorporate into the process.
Issues to be aware of:
For further assistance in this process, please Ask a Librarian or call 303-497-8505.